What is Lupus?

Lupus is a kind of autoimmune disease wherein the immune system of the body starts getting hyperactive and will attack the healthy and normal tissue. This results in the body going through swelling,

damage to the lungs, heart, blood, kidneys, skin, and joints. Lupus makes the body’s immune system confused and have difficulty differentiating between the healthy tissue and the antigens.

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What You Need to Know About Lupus

You already got an introduction as to what lupus is. At this point, you will learn more how lupus affects the body and its common signs and symptoms that you should beware of.

Quick facts

  • It is not a contagious disease
  • Lupus is an autoimmune disease, which is caused by problems within the immune system of the body. It can either be mild or reaches the life threatening border.
  • The type that mostly preferred by the medical world is simply known as systemic lupus erythematosus or shortened to SLE
  • There are other types of lupus, which are neonatal, drug-induced and discoid
  • Based on the records from Lupus Foundation of America, between 1.5 and 2 million of Americans have some lupus.
  • It is even shown that around 5 million people all over the world are suffering a form of Lupus.
  • Lupus is common among people aged between 15 to 45.
  • About 72 percent of the Americans ages between 18 to 34 have not heard about Lupus or that they don’t know anything about it.
  • Most doctors consider lupus as a result from both environmental stimuli and genetics.
  • The risk factors of acquiring lupus include certain prescription medications, exposure to sunlight and certain chemicals, and an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus.
  • As with environmental factors, it includes exposure to UV lights, extreme stress, certain antibiotics and medications, infections, smoking and infection from the Epstein-Barr virus, ones that affect the children.
  • Treatments made available for Lupus include lifestyle changes, immunosuppressive drugs, and corticosteroids.
  • Even if Lupus doesn’t have any cure, its signs and symptoms can be managed with the right medication.

Early Signs

Like many other body diseases, Lupus also comes with its own set of signs that tells the person they are already feeling its first few stages.

Fatigue

Make sure that you seek your doctor’s advice when you are living with a debilitating fatigue. Some of the fatigue’s causes can be treated.

Unexplained fever

One of the earliest signs of lupus is a low-grade fever that came without any reason. Because it may fall somewhere between 36.9 degrees to 38.3 degrees Celsius, that you might think that there is no need to see the doctor. People that have lupus may go through this kind of fever.

Having a low fever could also be a symptom of infection, imminent flare-up or inflammation. Make sure you see your doctor if you have recurrent low fevers.

Hair loss

Another one of the most common signs of Lupus is thinning hair. This is the result of scalp and skin inflammation. People that have lupus lose their hair in a clump. In most times, their hair thins out very slowly. Some people have thinning hair by the eyebrows, beard, eyelashes and other hairs in the body. People with lupus can cause their hairs to feel brittle that they break easily, not to mention that it looks a bit ragged, which is why it earns the name of “lupus hair.”

As much as possible, consult your doctor if ever any of these signs and symptoms appear together. You don’t want lupus to progress to the point that it will be difficult to manage.